In Maryland and the rest of the U.S., the leading cause of death in the construction industry is falls. In 2014, about 40 percent of construction worker deaths were caused by a fall.
According to the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health, if they are not provided with personal fall-arrest systems, scaffolding or guardrails, workers operating at a height of 6 feet are susceptible to falling. In 2014, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that one in five deaths in the private industry were in construction. OSHA regulations are designed to protect against workplace injuries.